Losing the brakes when going downhill or downhill can be considered the most dangerous situation that a car driver must face. The most important thing is to stay calm to handle this situation.
1. Keep calm
This advice is often seen as boring in the “know it and it is hard to talk”, until we fall into danger. If you are not calm, you cannot take the next steps. As long as the driver keeps the initiative, the chances for people around are much higher.
Calmness depends on many factors such as the driver’s experience and qualities. A guy who is new to driving, has not had much collision, of course, is easier to lose his temper than old talent. But a subjective old talent will lose his temper more easily than someone who takes the initiative. So, focus on not falling into the improvisation and the passive part on your side.
2. Release the gas pedal
Release the accelerator pedal to slow down, while focusing more on the brake pedal.
3. Feel the brake pedal
Continue to step on the brake pedal and feel the cause. If the brake is soft and stepped on to the floor, oil loss may be caused by pipe damage. Try repeating several times to get a chance to recover the pressure. But if the brake pedal is stiff, the brake system is clogged with hydraulic lines, or the brake is locked. But sometimes it can also be blocked by something below.
4. Depress the brake pedal continuously
Despite all hope, the driver always has to try the opportunities. Depress the brake pedal as much as possible to know where to recover the system. If the vehicle has ABS, this can help the ABS activate.
5. Returns the low number
Low gear helps the car slow down. If going with automatic transmission, switch to semi-automatic mode or low-number mode (denoted by small numbers like 1, 2, or letter L).
Things are more complicated when using manual gear. Too low gears at high speeds can destroy powertrain and inertial forces lose control. Let’s go about 1 or 2 levels each time. For example, your car is going downhill at position 3 and suddenly lose its brake, in order to turn to 1, you push on the clutch, to 0; release the clutch pedal and forcefully swing the accelerator pedal so that the engine revs to the same speed as the wheel speed; Next is to step on the clutch pedal, put it in gear. At this point, the car will stop and suddenly jerk, you should switch the gear lever to 1, the speed of the car is very slow, you can completely stop the car by releasing the lever. the hand brake was pulled and then quickly pulled sharply to stop the vehicle completely.
Do not turn off the engine, because the steering system loses power, so it is very heavy and difficult to control. In addition, at high speed, the engine suddenly stops causing the vehicle to lose control due to the impact of inertia.
6. Use the hand brake
The handbrake, also known as the emergency brake or parking brake, is often used to stop the vehicle even though it takes longer because it is only applied to the rear wheel. When manipulating, be careful to pull gently, slowly but with enough force. Pulling too hard or too fast may cause the wheel to lock, causing the wheel to slip and lose control. Remember to hold the release knob, every time you see a car losing control, you need to release the handbrake immediately.
7. Keep observation
Panic not only robs your chances, but also puts others at risk. Watch for traffic, avoid pedestrians, motorbikes and crowded places.
8. Signaling other vehicles
Turn on warning lights, flash or use an attention horn to let others know of the danger. Open windows to increase air resistance and make it easier to call for helpers.
9. Hit the hammock if possible
If there is a sufficiently safe space, roll the vehicle from left to right and vice versa to increase drag and thereby slow down. However, it should not be done at high speed because it may flip the car.
10. Use obstacles to slow down and the point of possible collision
Consider your speed carefully before deciding which option to use, especially at high speeds. Use ramps to brake speed, pay attention to the top of the slope and be ready to use the hand brake. You can use the eel between the road or the median strip. If you go downhill, steer in the direction of the ocean to get ready to hit when possible.
Don’t try to expect the car to stop on its own. Select a safe spot to allow the vehicle to crash. Prioritize soft obstacles such as bushes and bogs.
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